The universe unraveled by HannaH

The universe unraveled by HannaH

“Bei allen zweifelhaften Fragen ist Glauben die Sache des Unwissenden, Entscheiden die des Halbgelehrten, Prüfen und Suchen die des wahren Kenners." Herr Professor Webers Erdinduktor.

Corner reflectors

Walter RussellPosted by Hanne Sun, May 03, 2015 12:49:37
I displayed the images above to show that Walter Russell only uses 6 spheres initially to make a sun in the middle. So how does he get the grid structure with 8 spheres in it as shown below?

The answer lies in the use of the radar reflectors in the corners of the master cube ...

A retroreflector (sometimes called a retroflector or cataphote) is a device or surface that reflects light back to its source with a minimum of scattering. See in the above image how the geometry of a corner reflector makes a cube with 4 images, where there is initially only one present! This is exactly what the cube that Walter Russell uses does.

When you put an object between the hinged mirrors, light from the object bounces back and forth between the mirrors before it reaches your eyes. An image is formed each time the light bounces off a mirror. The number of images that you see in the mirrors depends on the angle that the mirrors form. As you make the angle between the mirrors smaller, the light bounces back and forth more times, and you see more images.

One of the most important aspects of corner refletors is that it isolates wave fields from each other.

Corner reflectors isolate radiation from a source within a cube, so that there is no leakage to other cubes. As shown in the recent animation on the radar principle (see some posts below,, the waves (radiation patterns) made by the initial source do not go through the walls (faces)of the cube although they seem to do so.

Below is a more technical explanation of corner reflectors:

The principle of corner reflectors is also used in antenna design. Backward radiations from an antenna can be eliminated by using plane conducting sheets as reflectors. When two flat sheets intersecting at an angle α are used as reflectors, then such an arrangement is called corner reflector. Corner reflectors are of two types. They are,

(i) Active corner reflector

(ii) Passive corner reflector.

(i) Active Corner Reflector

When two flat sheets intersecting at an angle α < 180° with a driven element producing a sharp radiation pattern, then such an arrangement is called active corner reflector. The opening of the corner or aperture should be in the range of 1λ to 2λ.

(ii)Passive corner reflector

When two metal sheets intersecting at an angle α = 90° without any driven element used, it reflects back the entire incident wave towards its source. Such an arrangement is called passive corner reflector.

The main characteristic differences between an active and passive corner reflector are,

(a) Absence of driven element

(b) Angle of corner (α)

(c) Aperture length.

(a)Absence of driven element: There is no driven element present in passive corner reflector, hence spacing of the antenna from corner and relative width of the corner with antenna is not a concern.

(b)Angle of corner (α): The angle of corner in passive corner reflector should always be equal to 90° (α = 90°) whereas in active corner reflector it can have any value satisfying the condition α < 180°, practically it can be α = 1800 / n where n is any positive integer.

(c)Aperture Length: The passive corner reflector should have the aperture length equal to several wavelengths whereas in active corner reflector the aperture length should be limited up to λ or 2 λ. Passive reflectors are used in radar applications and active corner reflectors are used in wide band applications.


A passive corner reflector is also called as retro corner reflector. It consists of 3-mutually perpendicular reflecting sheets intersecting each other at the centre producing eight 3dimensional square-corner reflectors. Each square corner occupies one octant (5157 square degree) and 8 square corners occupies a full sphere solid angle of 41, 253 square degree. The cluster of 8 square corners together is called a Retro reflector. The maximum value of reflecting (square root of: 3d)² area is from any direction out of total area of 4d2. The retro reflector is used in radar applications. The metal sheets can be replaced with mesh having lengths equal to several λ and mesh holes λ/2 and surface should be flat in the vicinity of λ/16. To improve the aperture area to 3/4 d2 , the reflector is truncated along the diagonal lines, hence a uniform echo area is obtained.


  • Comments(0)//